Non-formal Education

Non-formal or informal education are often described as the everyday, relational or 'spontaneous' processes of learning and pedagogy.  They are usually associated with experiences, conversations and relationships.  Below are links to research on non-formal or informal education - primarily concerned with young people - but also relating to education and learning more broadly.  For a discussion on the differences between the two terms and the language of non-formal and informal education, see Alan Roger's article here.


The Encyclopedia of Informal Education (Infed)

This is a fantastic online resource containing short articles about the ideas, thinkers and practices of informal education.  It is regularly updated and also has an archive of work on learning and education.  Visit Infed here.


Academic Bibliography [most available on Google Books]

Deer Richardson, L. and Wolfe, M. (2001) (eds) Principles and Practice of Informal Education: Learning Through Life London: Routledge

Foley, G. (1999) Learning in Social Action: A Contribution to Understanding Informal Education London: Zed Books

Hemmings, H. (2011). Together. How small groups achieve big things. London: John Murray.

Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. K. (2005). Informal Education. Conversation, democracy and learning, Ticknall: Education Now

Bekerman, Z., Burbules, N.C and Silberman-Keller, D. (2005) (eds) Learning in Places: The Informal Education Reader (New York: Peter Lang Publishing).

Mills, S. and Kraftl, P. (2014) (eds). Informal education, childhood and youth: geographies, histories, practices. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Batsleer, J. (2008). Informal Learning in Youth Work. London: Sage Publications

Kraftl, P. (2013). Geographies of alternative education: Diverse learning spaces for children and young people. Bristol: Policy Press.